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Overview of RCOS

The Research Center for Open Science and Data Platform (RCOS) was established at the National Institute of Informatics (NII) for the purpose of developing and operating a research data infrastructure, thereby laying the foundation of Open Science in Japan.

Research is expected to shift to a new research paradigm, specifically Open Science, through the open collaboration and sharing of research publications and data within academia and beyond. Such sharing of research outputs is expected to accelerate research, promote interdisciplinary research and social challenge problem-solving, and lead to innovations. At the same time, the sharing of research data is expected to enhance research transparency and research reproducibility.

As such, the Open Science movement has been gaining traction internationally since the G8 Science Ministers issued a joint statement in 2013. In Japan, the first report aimed at promoting Open Science was issued by the Cabinet Office in 2015. This was followed by reports from the Science Council of Japan (SCJ) and the Council for Science and Technology. The policy to promote Open Science is stated in the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan (2017-2021), which sets out the basic policy on science and technology initiatives in Japan.

RCOS develops and provides a research data infrastructure on which research data can be managed, stored, and discovered.