Policy Developments Overseas

The ideals of Open Science in terms of sharing research data from publicly-funded research can be observed in policy documents already since 2003. However, major policy developments using the term "Open Science" can be observed primarily within the European Union and other European countries. The Consultation on "Science 2.0" in 2014, which was renamed to "Open Science" as a result of the consultation, was the first. It was followed shortly after by an OECD report in 2015. Since then, the Open Science policies promoted by the European Commission have gained full swing. As for the G8 Science Minister's meeting, the ideals behind open scientific research outputs have already been included in the organization's 2013 joint statement, and the term "Open Science" was used for the first time at the G7 Science Ministers' Communique in 2016.


Policy Developments Overseas

March 2003 NIH, "Data Sharing Policy and Implementation Guidance"
January 2004 Science and Technology Ministers' Meeting, OECD,"Declaration on Access to Research Data from Public Funding"
April 2006 e-Research Coordinating Committee, Australian Government,"An Australian e-Research Strategy and Implementation Framework"
2007 OECD,"OECD Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding"
July 2009 EUROHORCs and ESF,
'Vision 8: Open access to the output of publicly funded research and permanent access to primary quality-assured research data',
"EUROHORCs and ESF Vision on a Globally Competitive era and their Road Map for Actions"
June 2010 The Alliance of German Science Organisations,
"Principles for the Handling of Research Data (Grundsätze zum Umgang mit Forschungsdaten)"
January 2011 NSF,"Data Management Plan Requirements"
April 2012 RCUK,"Common Principles on Data Policy"
June 2012 Royal Society,"Science as an Open Enterprise"
February 2013 US-OSTP,"Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research"
June 2013 The G8 Science Ministers' Statement,'3) Open Scientific Research Data' and '4) Expanding Access to Scientific Research Results'
May 2015 German Rectors' Conference (HRK),
"Positioning Management of Research Data: challenges for the university management toward a strategic leadership
(Positionen Management von Forschungsdaten - eine zentrale strategische Herausforderung für Hochschulleitungen)) "
September 2014 European Commission,"Consultation on 'Science 2.0': Science in Transition"
February 2015 NIH,"Plan for Increasing Access to Scientific Publications and Digital Scientific Data from NIH Funded Scientific Research"
July 2015 The Federal Government of the United States,"Fair Access to Science and Technology Research (FASTR) Act"
August 2015 OECD, "Making Open Science a Reality"
September 2015 The German Research Foundation (DFG),
"DFG Guidelines on the Handling of Research Data(Leitlinien zum Umgang mit Forschungsdaten)"
December 2015 Science International,"Open Data in a Big Data World"(a joint statement by four international academic organizations)
March 2016 CNRS,"White Paper: Open Science in a Digital Republic"
April 2016 European Council,"Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science"
April 2016 European Council,"EU Action Plan for Open Science""
May 2016 European Commission,"Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the World"
June 2016 European Commission,"Realising the European Open Science Cloud: first report and recommendations"
July 2016 The G7 Science and Technology Ministers' Meeting in Tsukuba, '6) Open Science: Entering into a New Era for Science',
Tsukuba Communiqué
July 2016 European Commission,"H2020 Programme: Guidelines on FAIR Data Management in Horizon 2020"
July 2016 RCUK,"The Concordat on Open Research Data"